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Government agencies (such as the former US Employment Standards Administration) enforce labour law (legislative, regulatory, or judicial).Labour law arose in parallel with the Industrial Revolution as the relationship between worker and employer changed from small-scale production studios to large-scale factories.In the US for example, the majority of state laws allow for employment to be "at will", meaning the employer can terminate an employee from a position for any reason, so long as the reason is not explicitly prohibited, is the duty to provide written particulars of employment with the essentialia negotii (Latin for "essential terms") to an employee.
The same Act included the first comprehensive code of regulation to govern legal safeguards for health, life and limb.Labour law (also known as labor law or employment law) mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government.Collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union.It required the provision of a basic level of education for all apprentices, as well as adequate sleeping accommodation and clothing.
The rapid industrialisation of manufacturing at the turn of the 19th century led to a rapid increase in child employment, and public opinion was steadily made aware of the terrible conditions these children were forced to endure.
A local inquiry, presided over by Dr Thomas Percival, was instituted by the justices of the peace for Lancashire, and the resulting report recommended the limitation of children's working hours.